They examine the beliefs and philosophies of the ancient civilizations of Egypt, India, China, Greece, and Rome. Students investigate the economic, cultural, social motives, and religious practices of each culture.
The results were unprecedented concentrations of wealth and the intensification of cross-cultural exchanges. Innovations in transportation, state policies, and mercantile practices contributed to the expansion and development of commercial networks, which in turn served as conduits for cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies.
Pastoral or nomadic groups played a key role in creating and sustaining these networks. Expanding networks fostered greater interregional borrowing, while at the same time sustaining regional diversity.
The prophet Muhammad promoted Islam, a new major monotheistic religion at the start of this period. It spread quickly through practices of trade, warfare, and diffusion characteristic of this period. Improved transportation technologies and commercial practices led to an increased volume of trade, and expanded the geographical range of existing and newly active trade networks.
You should be able to identify the following networks of trade on the map above: Existing trade routes continued into this period but all experienced significant changes, including the integration of growing commercial cities.
In the post-classical age, however, the Silk Roads diffused important technologies such as paper-making and gunpowder. Continuing a phenomenon from the classical age, they would also spread disease; the Black Death would spread from Asia to Western Europe along Silk Road and maritime routes eventually killing about one third of the people there.
Despite these continuities, the Silk Road network would be transformed by cultural, technological and political developments. Silk Road trade declined with them. Sharia law, which gave protection to merchants, was established across the Dar al-Islam. Indian, Armenian, Christian and Jewish merchants alike took advantage of Muslim legal protection.
All of this enabled trade by decreasing the risks associated with commerce.
A more important boost to Silk Road trade in this era was the rise of the Mongol Empire. The Mongols defeated the Abbasid Caliphate in and the vast Pax Mongolica soon placed the majority of the Silk Roads under one administrative empire.
Merchants were more likely to experience safe travel.
Like the Silk Road trade, this network declined when Rome weakened. However, the rapid spread of Islam across north Africa and the continuation of Roman civilization in the Byzantine Empire would revive trade in the post-classical age.
As with all networks in this era, the religion of Islam had a positive impact on trade.Acellus World History I is the first in a two-part series taught by Acellus Instructor Paula Keltner.
the Aztecs, and the Inca. Unit 7 –Chinese and Indian Empires This unit discusses the Qin Shi Huangdi, Qin, and Han Chinese agriculture and trade, the Mongols, Kublai Khan, the Yuan Dynasty, Marco Polo's expeditions, Mongol Manchuria.
Comparing Mongols and Aztecs. Topics: Mongol Empire, World Essay #3 Aztecs VS Mongols The Mongols and the Aztecs evolved on completely opposite sides of the world, so they had a substantial amount of differences.
The contrasted culturally and socially. For example, religion was one of the numerous differences between the two.
The Differences & Similarities Between the Byzantine & Islamic Empires In every meaningful way, the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Empire were fundamentally different. On the most surface level, there is the obvious distinction between the dominant religions of the two groups. The AP World History course addresses habits of mind in two categories: 1) those addressed by any rigorous history course, and 2) those addressed by a world history course.
Comparing within and among societies, including comparing societies’ reactions to global processes Rise of the Mongols and their Regional Impact p. Nov 19, · The Mongols may have ruled, but the Yuan Empire still lasted at least half a century, and Genghis’s rule adds to that a further 60 years for a combined years approximately.
Offers a range of documents that illustrates civilizations from key stages in world history, with special attention to comparing major societies. Documents in World History is a thematically organized, authoritative collection of original sources that highlight political, social, cultural and.