Overview[ edit ] Egyptian art is famous for its distinctive figure convention, used for the main figures in both relief and painting, with parted legs where not seated and head shown as seen from the side, but the torso seen as from the front, and a standard set of proportions making up the figure, using 18 "fists" to go from the ground to the hair-line on the forehead. Very conventionalized portrait statues appear from as early as Dynasty II, before 2, BC,  and with the exception of the art of the Amarna period of Ahkenaten and some other periods such as Dynasty XII, the idealized features of rulers, like other Egyptian artistic conventions, changed little until after the Greek conquest. The gods or the divine pharaoh are usually larger than other figures and the figures of high officials or the tomb owner are usually smaller, and at the smallest scale any servants and entertainers, animals, trees, and architectural details. The pharaoh's regalia, for example, represented his power to maintain order.
Varry Sylvie This stuccoed wooden statue depicts the famous god Osiris, lord of the dead, who was assassinated by his brother Seth and resurrected by his sister and wife, Isis.
The god is portrayed in his usual iconographic pose: The god This statue depicts the extremely popular god Osiris.
It is made of stuccoed wood and is still partially gilded, with additional cuprous metal objects such as details on the crown and the scepters.
The eyes are inlaid with alabaster and glass. The god is represented in his usual pose: He wears a curved, braided beard as well as the atef crown consisting of a miter, two ostrich feathers, two ram's horns and two uraei.
The myth Osiris was the son of Geb, the god of the earth, and Nut, goddess of the sky. He married his sister Isis and succeeded his father as the ruler of Egypt. A later legend recorded by the Greek author Plutarch relates the god's murder, perpetuated by his brother Seth, who was jealous of his success.
Egyptian texts merely allude to this event, as readers who would have known the details. Seth made a lavishly decorated box to the size of his brother; during a banquet, he promised to give it to the guest who fit perfectly inside it.
When Osiris stretched out in the box, Seth accomplices closed and sealed the box, and then threw it in the Nile. After a long search, Isis found her husband's coffin. Unfortunately, Seth discovered the body and chopped it into pieces, which he then scattered throughout Egypt.
With the help of Nephthys, Isis refashioned the body and, with Anubis, created the first mummy. She then used her magical powers to conceive a son, Horus, with her deceased spouse.
Thus resuscitated and assured of an heir, Osiris could become the king of the dead. Lord of the afterlife Osiris was a complex god, linked to the flooding of the Nile, the moon and the royalty; his immense popularity is due to his funerary role.
Originally, he was probably a god of fertility and agriculture. As his cult expanded in the Old Kingdom, Osiris was assimilated with the gods of the underground and became important in funerary rituals. His myth promised life after death for every individual who received the proper rites. Each deceased became an Osiris in his or her own right and attained eternal life - although the oldest beliefs promised only a vague, collective future linked to the dead king.Osiris (/ oʊ ˈ s aɪ r ɪ s /, from Egyptian wsjr, Coptic ⲟⲩⲥⲓⲣⲉ) is the god of the afterlife, the underworld, and rebirth in ancient Egyptian religion.
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Learn more about Amazon ph-vs.coms: 9. You might more frequently encounter a statue of this type referred to as Ptah-Sokar-Osiris, a later composite form of god similar to Osiris, but incorporating aspects of the cults of Ptah, the ancient creator god of Memphis, and Sokar, and somewhat lesser known god of nebulous origin.
Ancient Egyptian art must be viewed from the standpoint of the ancient Egyptians to understand it. The somewhat static, usually formal, strangely abstract, and often blocky nature of much Egyptian imagery has, at times, led to unfavorable comparisons with later, and much more ‘naturalistic,’ Greek or Renaissance art.
Osiris was a complex god, linked to the flooding of the Nile, the moon and the royalty; his immense popularity is due to his funerary role. Originally, he was probably a god of fertility and agriculture.