This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Zimmerman 1 Domestic violence is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socio-economic, cultural, racial and class distinctions. This problem is not only widely dispersed geographically, but its incidence is also extensive, making it a typical and accepted behavior.
Assure Widespread Adoption The focus of public health is on the health, safety and well-being of entire populations. A unique aspect of the field is that it strives to provide the maximum benefit for the largest number of people.
Public health draws on a science base that is multi-disciplinary. It relies on knowledge from a broad range of disciplines including medicine, epidemiology, sociology, psychology, criminology, education, and economics. The field also emphasizes input from diverse sectors including health, education, social services, justice, policy and the private sector.
The public health approach is a four-step process that is rooted in the scientific method. It can be applied to violence and other health problems that affect populations. Define and Monitor the Problem The first step in preventing violence is to understand the "who", "what", "when", "where" and "how" associated with it.
Grasping the magnitude of the problem involves analyzing data such as the number of violence-related behaviors, injuries, and deaths. Data can demonstrate how frequently violence occurs, where it is occurs, trends, and who the victims and perpetrators are.
These data can be obtained from police reports, medical examiner files, vital records, hospital charts, registries, population-based surveys, and other sources. Top of Page Step 2: Identify Risk and Protective Factors It is not enough to know the magnitude of a public health problem.
It is important to understand what factors protect people or put them at risk for experiencing or perpetrating violence. Why are risk and protective factors useful? They help identify where prevention efforts need to be focused.
Risk factors do not cause violence. The presence of a risk factor does not mean that a person will always experience violence. Victims are never responsible for the harm inflicted upon them. Risk Factor — Characteristic that increases the likelihood of a person becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence.
Protective Factor — Characteristic that decreases the likelihood of a person becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence because it provides a buffer against risk.
Top of Page Step 3: Using these data and findings is known as an evidence-based approach to program planning. Once programs are implemented, they are evaluated rigorously to determine their effectiveness. Assure Widespread Adoption Once prevention programs have been proven effective, they must be implemented and adopted more broadly.
Dissemination techniques to promote widespread adoption include training, networking, technical assistance, and evaluation.
World Report on Violence and Health. World Health Organization; Get Email Updates To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address:Dallan F. Flake and Renata Forste, “Fighting Families: Family Characteristics Associated With Domestic Violence in Five Latin American Countries” in Journal of Family Violence (January ).
Bruce D. Perry and Maia Szalavitz, The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog: What Traumatized Children Can Teach Us About Loss, Love, and Healing (). In a study, published in the Archives of Family Medicine, designed to measure physician's attitudes and practices toward victims of domestic violence, Snugg, et al, defined domestic violence as "past or present physical and/or sexual violence between former or current intimate partners, adult household members, or adult children and a parent.
The Administration for Community Living provides the following overview of Domestic Violence specifically focusing on older adults. Domestic violence in later life occurs when a person uses power and control to inflict physical, sexual, emotional, or financial injury or harm upon an older adult with.
Domestic violence is about power and control. A feminist analysis of woman battering rejects theories that attribute the causes of violence to family dysfunction, inadequate communications skills, women’s provocation, stress, chemical dependency, lack of spiritual relationship to a deity, economic hardship, class practices, racial/ethnic.
Domestic violence — also known as domestic abuse, intimate partner violence or abuse — may start when one partner feels the need to control and dominate the other. Abusers may feel this need. They argue that domestic violence can occur between adult family members who are not "intimate" in the traditional sense, such as adult brothers and sisters, cousins, brothers-in-law, sisters-in-law, mothers- and fathers-in-law.